Hey everyone, today I will show you 10 tips for photography beginners that I noticed many beginners get wrong. While there is a lot more to learn than just these tips, just keep them in mind and you will approve your photography by a lot. You will shoot sharper, better composed and higher quality pictures.
Let’s get started! 😀
Shoot at The Right Iso
Everybody who starts with a digital camera gets taught to always use the lowest ISO setting possible. Which is a great idea and makes sense, but isn’t always pragmatic. This ruler actually comes from the early days of DSLRs where the iso keepability was way worse. But with newer DSLRs, you can easily go up to 1600 without a problem and higher end camera even up to 6400. Keep in mind try to stay as low as possible but don’t be too strict on it 1600 or even 3200 is alright.
Use The Rule of Thirds and The Golden Ratio
I think everybody will tell you that and that’s why I won’t explain it any further. Use it. It will improve your photography and composition a lot. But as always rules are there to be broken.
I see it very often and I did the same thing when I started. Most beginners shoot from eye level. But when you think about the fact that everyone sees the world from the eye level, it’s easy to understand why 98% of the pictures are not interesting. Try different views like from below or above. When you find yourself standing on your hands while taking a picture you are on the right way. No, but seriously try to use different perspectives.
Fill The Frame
Ones again not a law just a rule that also needs to be broken at times. Try to get close to the object you try to capture. You will capture way more detail. Think of it that way when you shoot a portrait you fill the frame with the face 98% of the time right? Because you want to capture the persons face. The same logic goes for everything else as well.
Use the rule of thirds as a rule of thumps as a rule, not a law
Don’t Miss Your Shot Because You Waited For The Perfect One
When I tried street photography the first time I know I bearly shoot anything. Because I was afraid of being annoying and though I could minimize my shooting when I shoot in the right moment. And that’s a great thought but until you’re pro shoot on burst. 🙂 what I mean by that is when you shoot only when you think the timing is perfect, you gonna miss a lot of good shots and opportunities. So don’t be afraid you might annoy somebody, you will do that anyway 🙂 focus on your task.
Use a Fast Enough Shutter
One of my biggest problems was and I see it in pictures from a lot of beginners, a too slow shutter speed, which creates motion blur. A very cool rule of thumb is to always keep your shutter speed above your focal length. Which means on a 50mm lens you need at least 1/50 of a sec. Or faster. With a 300mm zoom lens, you will need 1/300 of a sec. Or faster. Of course, this rule only applies when you don’t want to shoot long exposure or on a tripod.
Choose The Right Time
The logically best time to shoot is midday, right? Light for hours and everywhere. Wrong I don’t say you shouldn’t shoot at midday but to shoot pictures with super interesting light, go and shoot at the golden hour or civil twilight. This way you will have a great contrast of light, shadows, and colors. If you want to read more about the golden hour click here.
Always Check Your Focus
My rule number ONE is don’t use autofocus selection because your camera might have a different opinion of where to set the focus point, which can ruin the whole picture. So always use one point AF or zone selection AF. After that when you shot a picture, review it on your camera and zoom in 100%. That way You can make sure that the reality is sharp and doesn’t only look like it.
On a similar note, when I bought my 50mm f/1.8 lens which was my second after the kit lens. I thought I need to use f/1.8 every time because of the awesome bokeh. What I didn’t realize was that f1.8 is a pretty shallow depth of field and it’s very hard to pull focus.
For example, when you shoot a portrait with f/1.8 the eyes might be in focus when you and your subject haven’t moved at all (very hard to do), but the nose isn’t in focus anymore. So what I like to do is, I shoot in f/3.5 which is also the lens sweet spot of the 50mm.
Don’t Use IS When Using a Tripod
The Image stabilizer is awesome for handheld shots. A simple explanation is that your camera tried to compensate your shaking with very fast lens movements.
So the problem is that when you put your camera on a tripod, the fast lens movements cause vibrations and your picture starts to get blurred because of them.
Know Your Gear In and Out.
Less is sometimes more when you just got started with photography don’t buy 3 extra lenses, rather try to take a good picture with what you got. Me for example, I used the first 3 years only my 18-55mm and then 2 years my 50mm lens on a 1000D. It was a pain in the ass sometimes, 🙂 but I learned everything about these lenses and my 1000D like the sweet spot, of point focus, where to stand to get the composition I want or even how much light I need at least and many more things. All that made me able to shoot better pictures with the kit lens than other people with their 5000€ gear.
So the bottom line is, don’t buy all the fancy things at ones buy them one by one and get to know what how they really work and if you really need them.
Use Exposure Compensation (+/-) or The Right Meter Mode
When you shoot in AV or TV you should try to experiment with your exposure compensation especially in high contrast situations where you have very bright and very low lighted areas. Your Cameras metering mode always tries to make the picture as even as possible. Which means no total blacks and no total whites. But when you shoot a silhouette picture in front of a sunset you want total black in the shadows so you can have a nice sky right?
This is the point where you set down your exposure compensation by one or two stops.
Alright, that’s already it whit my 10 tips for photography beginners. I hope you enjoyed the post and if you have any question or opinions about it let me know in the comments and I will get back to you as fast as I can.